How To Find the Right Color: Giorbello Subway Tiles

When picking out a tile to put in your own home or your clients house, you want the shade to be perfect. It is important to understand what tone and hue the tile will give off once it is installed. At Giorbello we like to offer variations of each color to maximize creativity and diversity. Our tiles that would benefit from explanation are Cobalt blue vs. Mediterranean Blue, Baby Blue vs. Morning Sky Blue, True Gray vs. Light gray, and Alabaster vs. Bright White. This guide will help you decide …

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How To Find The Right Contractor

Contractor bringing your plans to life

When you get the itch to change something about your home, the first question to ask yourself is whether it’s more cost-effective to do it yourself or hire a professional. The answer rests largely on three factors: 1. The type and complexity of the project 2. Your level of skill 3. The time you have available to work on the project For tile installation, some small areas and rooms can be tiled DIY, but larger rooms bring a larger potential for complications. Therefore, the larger the room and the more intricate …

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Everything You Need to Know about Mortar and Grout

Giorbello Tile in use

Both mortar and grout are essential materials for tile installation, but they serve different purposes. Many people tend to get them confused, or even think that they’re the same thing. The two are used for different purposes and have different compositions. Mortar is used to adhere tiles to a surface, while grout is designed to fill the spaces between tiles once they’ve been installed.

Let’s start with Mortar.

Mortar is necessary for the tile to firmly stick to its substrate. There are two most common types of mortar – Mastic and Thin Set, which are often used for ceramic, porcelain, and glass tile installations. Both materials can be confusing because of several overlapping applications. So which should you use and where should you use them?

TYPES OF MORTAR

  1. Thin Set

Thin set is a type of modified mortar made specifically for tile. It is inorganic and inexpensive. Thin set can be purchased either in wet, pre-mixed or dry, powdery form. Additionally, thin set comes in either unmodified or modified versions. Unmodified thin set is composed of Portland cement, sand, and water retention agents. Modified thin set contains the same elements, along with liquid latex polymers to aid with strength and increase the working time.

Modified Thin set comes with some bonus benefits you won’t find with standard mortar. Additional products, like latex polymers, mix into dry thin set powder to increase the performance and bond strength. On the other side, un-modified thin set is a tile mortar that doesn’t contain any additives in the dry powder mix. 

  • Mastic

Mastic is an organic glue made from the sticky resin of the mastic tree. It’s available as a thin-liquid, thick glue, or a sticky paste.  Mastic tile adhesives are a great time-saver when laying tile, because they dry quickly, but they are not appropriate for use anywhere where moisture is present. 

Thin set vs. Mastic

 

Thin set

Mastic

Moisture Factor

Thin set can be used in very wet areas, even areas that will be completely submerged in water.

Mastic can be used in dry areas only. It cannot be used in areas that will be submerged in water.

Best Areas

Thin set can be used for shower, kitchen backsplash, bathroom walls and other areas where moisture is not prevalent.

Walls, dry backsplashes are key areas where tile mastic tends to be used.

Pros

Thin set is inexpensive, and it fills in gaps and depressions.

Mastic is very sticky, grabs fast, and is quick setting.

Cons

Thin set is slow to set, which leads to tile sag on vertical applications.

(However, there are some fast-drying thin set on the market, you might want to check them out!)

Mastic can give off a sharp, strong odor that takes time to dissipate.

Now let’s talk about Grout!

Grout is used as the filler between tiles in almost every tile installation project. As it fills the gaps between tiles, also knowns as joints, it provides additional bonding, and prevents chips and cracks to the edges of the tiles. A variety of grouts are available commercially, but all of these can be classified as one of two basic types: sanded or unsanded. The main difference between unsanded and sanded grout is the presence or absence of sand. 

TYPES OF GROUT

  1. Sanded Grout

Sanded grout is a standard grouting material with aggregate sand material added. The added aggregate material makes sanded grout much more durable than unsanded grout, for one simple reason — Shrinkage.

Sanded grout should be used for flooring and wall tile joints wider than 1/8 inch because it resists shrinkage and cracking. For pure durability, sanded grout always wins in the contest between sanded vs. unsanded grout.

**Sanded Grout Should Never Be Used For Joints Smaller Than 1/8 Of An Inch

Here is a chart for Sanded Grout Coverage and Recommended Spacing.

 TILE SIZERECOMMENDED SPACING Sq Ft COVERAGE
(based on 25 lb sanded)
 Ceramic Mosaic 1/8 inch 40 – 75 Sq Ft
 Glass/Stone Mosaic 1/8 inch 30 – 50 Sq Ft 
 Pebbles varies by sheet 20 – 35 Sq Ft
 3 x 6 inch 1/8 inch 105 – 115 Sq Ft
 4 inches 1/8 inch 105 – 115 Sq Ft
 8 inches 3/16 inch 95 – 105 Sq Ft
 12 inches 3/16 inch 115 – 125 Sq Ft
 18 inches 3/16 inch 140 – 150 Sq Ft
 12 x 24 inch 3/16 inch 130 – 140 Sq Ft
 24 inches 3/16 inch  190- 200 Sq Ft
  • Unsanded Grout

Unsanded grout is extremely sticky, because it has no additional sand or aggregate added to it. Unsanded grout should be used in joints that are less than 1/8-inch-wide. It has a smooth texture and clings well to vertical surfaces, which makes it useful for grouting ceramic wall tiles. 

The size of the tile joint usually dictates which type of grout to use, but sometimes the type of tile is the deciding factor. For example, unsanded grout is recommended for highly polished, easily scratched tiles such as marble because the aggregate in sanded grouts may damage these types of tiles. Unsanded grout should not be used in floor tile, because the grout can crack and break under the pressure of floor traffic.

Here is a chart for Unsanded Grout Coverage and Recommended Spacing.

 TILE SIZERECOMMENDED SPACING Sq Ft COVERAGE
(based on 25lb sanded)
3 x 61/16 inch40 – 50 Sq Ft
 4 x 16 inch 1/16 inch 60 – 70 Sq Ft
 8 x 20 inch 1/16 inch 90 – 100 Sq Ft
 10 x 13 inch 1/16 inch 80 – 90 Sq Ft
 12 x 18 inch 1/16 inch 120 – 130 Sq Ft

How to Install Tiles

Now that you are all prepared, (see blog “How to Prepare for Tile Installation”and “How to Cut Tiles”), you are ready to begin installing! Follow this step-by-step guide to install your tiles and add that extra sparks to your home. Prepare Mortar Apply Mortar to Wall Surface Start Installing the Tiles Pre-seal Tiles Prepare Grout and Grout Tiles Clean and Seal Tiles Installing new tiles is a good DIY project for homeowners looking to get their hands dirty and learn new skills around the house. It is a quick way …

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How to Cut Tiles

Knowing how to cut tile and choose between the different tools for cutting can help save a lot of money. There are many methods and tools for cutting tiles. From glass cutters to wet saws, they all have different advantages and disadvantages. Depending on the type of tiles and the size of the project, you will need to decide which tool is right for you. This guide will help you find the most suitable tile cutter for your project and provide you step-by-step instructions on how to cut tiles. Using …

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How to Prepare for Tile Installation

Installing tiles is easier than you think and can be accomplished by yourself! This is a two-step guide to plan and setup your tiles installation project for success. Step 1: Prepare Materials and Tools Materials: Tiles: Measure the area you want to cover and determine the total surface area for your project. You will want to purchase about 10% more than the area to cover so you have enough pieces for any cuts and accidental breakages. Also be sure to calculate for any trim tile at borders, accents, and edges …

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